India

POPULATION

1.311 billion (2015)

PEOPLE LIVING BELOW THE POVERTY LINE

21.9% of the population (2011)

GDP PER CAPITA (PPP)

USD 1,598 (2015)

Life expectancy at birth: 68 years (2014)

India is the world’s largest democracy, gaining freedom from British rule in 1947. The country is a mix of different ethnic and religious groups, with Hinduism being the predominant religious affiliation. Over 22 different languages are recognised, with Hindi the official language and English widely spoken.

India is governed by a President, Shri Pranab Mukherjee with a Prime Minister undertaking most of the day to day running of the country. The Prime Minister is currently Narendra Modi.

Development in India since independence is impressive, but more remains to be done.  Over 400 million people live below the poverty line, and many more are at risk of falling back into poverty.  Inequality is extreme, across and within states.  Gender inequality is also a serious issue.  Education, while universal, is not of a high standard, and health care standards remain low in many parts of the country.  Infant malnutrition remains high.

The proportion of India’s population living in slums is disturbingly high, with 17% of the urban population living in a slum.

While the statistics can seem grim, the country is bolding tackling it’s problems and there is hope for a brighter future.

Data sourced from the World Bank and United Nations sites, December 2016

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